Sandomierz is a midsized Polish town in the south eastern part of the country. It is located on a small hill above the Vistula River which is the most important waterway in the country. The town has a bit over 20,000 inhabitants today so it isn’t one of the biggest cities in Poland. Back in the early Polish history the city was a much more important settlement that it is today – in the 12th century it was actually mentioned by chroniclers as one of the most important polish cities alongside Krakow and Wroclaw which is still some of the biggest Polish cities today.
The city remained an important town in Poland for the following centuries and the city had sufficient wealth to create some great buildings in the center including the famous cathedral with a collection of paintings about how people will get killed. The private citizen of the city also seemed to have quite a significant wealth so the central square in the city has a selection of nice houses around the square.
The city started to decline after the first partition of Poland in 1772. Back then Sandomierz were transferred to Austria and it lost its status as a local administrative capital. The other cities in Poland started to outgrow the city compared to Sandomierz.
The city of was damaged by the Napoleonic War in the beginning of the 19th century and a bit more than a century later it was damaged again in World War I. After the war the city once again became a part of an independent Poland. The city suffered during World War II like so many other polish cities but the old part of the town survived fairly intact unlike many other polish towns.
After World War II the city of Sandomierz didn’t have a lot of industrial development – which is actually fortunate. The lack of development meant there wasn’t a pressing need to redevelop the old town – hence the old town has survived fairly intact until today. The nice old town is a great place to go and stroll around and see the old center of the town.