Close to the Termini Station you find the remains of the old bath complex build by Diocletian and named after him. The construction of the enormous bath took 8 years from 298 to 306 the construction of the bath created a very high demand for bricks – but the emperor controlled the industry and made sure there was a sufficient supply of bricks for the baths.
The bath continued in use after the decline of Rome and it wasn’t until 537 the bath stopped being used as a bath facility due to the fact the Visigoth got off the water supply during their siege of Rome. The bath used to be a huge complex taking up 130,000 square meters or several city blocks which had to be cleared to make room for the construction of the baths.
When you go and visit the bath today you will probably find them huge – but you only see a part of the original bath complex since part of it has been torn down and today the big Piazza della Repubblica. Other parts of the bath have been taken over by the national museum and a different room has been converted into a church. But what is left is still huge.
When you go inside and to see the huge buildings you can’t help being impressed by the tall rooms which most have been magnificent back in the day when they were fully decorated and had water of different temperatures in different rooms.
Some of the rooms are so huge they have made a small exhibition of some older graves which has been found in the area – the graves has been dug out from the cliffs in one piece on put inside the room so you can see it even though it isn’t really directly related to the old baths.
A visit to the bath can easily be combined with a visit to the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martin which is next to the bath and actually used to be a part of the bath complex.